Experience In Chronic Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, And Cirrhosis.
Scope of specialty
As for many medical specialties, patients are most likely to be referred by family physicians ( i.e., GP) or by physicians from different disciplines. The reasons might be:
- Drug overdose. Paracetamol overdose is common.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding from portal hypertension related to liver damage
- Abnormal blood test suggesting liver disease
- Enzyme defects leading to bigger liver in children commonly named storage disease of liver
- Jaundice / Hepatitis virus positivity in blood, perhaps discovered on screening blood tests
- Ascites or swelling of abdomen from fluid accumulation, commonly due to liver disease but can be from other diseases like heart failure
- All patients with advanced liver disease e.g. cirrhosis should be under specialist care
- To undergo ERCP for diagnosing diseases of biliary tree or their management
- Fever with other features suggestive of infection involving mentioned organs. Some exotic tropical diseases like hydatid cyst, kala-azar or schistosomiasis may be suspected. Microbiologists would be involved as well
- Systemic diseases affecting liver and biliary tree e.g. haemochromatosis
- Follow up of liver transplant
- Pancreatitis - commonly due to alcohol or gall stone
- Cancer of above organs. Usually multi-disciplinary approach is undertaken with involvement of oncologist and other experts.